Even though the size, shape, performance, reliability, and cost of computers have been changing over the years, the basic logical structure (based on the stored-program concept), as proposed by John Von Neumann, has not changed. No matter what shape and size of a computer we are talking about, all computer systems perform the following four basic operations for converting raw input data into useful information and presenting it to a user:

A computer's components or devices are used to do these tasks. Typically, computer components are only built to execute one of these four purposes. Some specialized components or gadgets, on the other hand, are intended to accomplish two, three, or even all four roles. A hard drive, for example, may fulfill three functions: input (when data are read), storage (when files are saved), and output (when files are written) (when files are written).

Basic Organization of Computer – Computer Fundamentals and Application

In this “Basic Organization of Computer – Computer Fundamentals and Application” you will learn about the following topics:

  1. Basic Function of Computer
  2. Inputting, Storing, Processing, Outputting
  3. Basic Functional Organization of Computer
  4. Input Unit
  5. Processing Unit
  6. Control Unit (CU), Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU), Register
  7. Storage Unit
  8. Primary Memory
  9. RAM (Random Access Memory), DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory), SRAM (Static Random Access Memory), ROM (Read Only Memory), PROM, EPROM, EEPROM
  10. Differentiate between RAM and ROM
  11. Differentiate between DRAM and SRAM
  12. Secondary Storage
  13. Output Unit
  14. Soft Copy Output, Hard Copy Output
  15. Differentiate between Hardcopy output and Softcopy output
  16. The System Concept



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